Factors Influencing the Academic Achievement of First-Generation College Students

Strayhorn, 2007 / NASPA Journal / January 2007

students talking in library

This study presents findings from an analysis of the Baccalaureate & Beyond Longitudinal Study using hierarchical multiple regression techniques to measure the influence of first-generation status on cumulative GPA, controlling for precollege and college variables. Findings suggest that first-generation status is a significant predictor of GPA controlling for an extensive array of background and intervening variables. Initially, background variables accounted for a small but significant proportion of college GPA variance. Final results suggest that first-generation status significantly explains differences in cumulative GPA, accounting for nearly 22% of variance. Findings are congruent with college impact theory and support prior conclusions.