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Utilizing social class bicultural identity integration to improve outcomes for first-generation college students.

Herrmann & Varnum / / June 2018

three friends studying outside

Although many theories have been proposed to explain the social class achievement gap between first-generation (FGC) and continuing-generation (CGC) college students, few have taken into account the idea that FGC students need to acculturate to the culture of college. Just as people who move to another country face challenges adjusting to a new cultural context, so may FGC students as they attempt to navigate the middle-class culture of the university. We propose that people can be bicultural as a function not only of different ethnic or national identities, but also because they may have multiple social class identities. The present article integrates research and theory regarding social class, biculturalism, and bicultural identity integration.